The fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s did not bring an end to international tensions. With the collapse of the bipolar system, new or previously stifled conflicts and threats to international and national security have appeared – such as separatist conflicts, terrorism and civil wars caused by the struggle for power. These conflicts have been accompanied or even accelerated by the new emerging rivalry between the United States, Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China. In the recent years, the American government have been trying to defend a status of superpower, and Russia has been expanding its military potential trying to regain the influence lost by the USSR. On the other hand, China is considered an increasing economic and political global player with rapidly growing capabilities and an effective foreign policy.
In the second decade of the 21st century, this rivalry started to resemble the Cold War. Therefore, some observers even called it the New Cold War. We do not know what the growing tensions between Russia and the United States will bring in the near future. However, we already know that this dangerous conflict is played out in the Syrian and Ukrainian areas of proxy wars. Would it be limited to these countries or will we witness its expansion to other regions? On the other hand, it is clear that the People's Republic of China cannot be considered a close friend of the United States, but what are the Beijing’s long-term goals and intentions? In Central Asia, for instance, China is rather competing with Russia, so should it be considered an ally of Moscow in political confrontation with Washington and NATO? What about the Iranian nuclear programme or the latest rapprochement between the United States and North Korea? All of this should be carefully analysed and discussed by the experts.
The Institute of the Middle and Far East of the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, in cooperation with the NATO DEEP Programme Staff, would like to make its contribution to an ongoing debate on the New Cold War by organizing the international conference: "The impact of rivalry between China, Russia and the United States on security dynamics in Asia, Maghreb and Europe". The conference aims at presenting the interdisciplinary research on security and international relations, as well as discussing approaches and the most recent analysis on the complex relationships between Beijing, Moscow and Washington, as well as their impact on security dynamics in Asia, North Africa and Europe. We invite the submission of abstracts from the fields of political science, international relations and security studies. However, the representatives of other disciplines and experts are welcomed as well, since it is anticipated that the discussion will include a variety of perspectives.
Main discussion areas to choose for the participants:
1) Proxy wars in Syria and Ukraine
2) NATO interventions outside the Alliance
3) North Korean and Iranian nuclear programmes
4) American-Chinese relations in the Pacific region
5) American-Chinese-Russian competition in the Central Asia
6) China’s Belt and Road Initiative – a threat or opportunity?
7) Territorial disputes in East Asia
8) The declining role of the United States in the Middle East
9) The struggle for regional dominance in the Middle East
10) China and Russia in the Middle East and North Africa
11) Security concerns in the Euro-Mediterranean area
12) The uncontrolled migration to the European Union
13) Terrorism and other "old" asymmetric security threats
14) New security threats – cyber-terrorism and disinformation
On behalf of the Scientific Board,
Professor Boguslaw Pacek